Every industry has its jargon, the same goes with plastic engineering. The plastic industry uses plastic materials that have long names often shortened to make them usable in conversations.
What are Some Common Plastic Abbreviations?
|Short Forms||Full Forms||
Impact strength, weldability, rigidity
High strength, Opacity
Flame and smoke resistance
|BDS||butadiene-styrene block copolymer||
Easy compounding, excellent adhesion, low cost
|BMC||bulk molding compound||
Lightweight, high strength, corrosion resistance
|BOPP||biaxially oriented polypropylene||
High transparency, lightweight, UV resistance
Abrasion resistance, tensile and resilience strength,
Toughness, clarity, high moisture transmission
Low water absorption, impact strength, FDA compliant
|CAP||celluse acetate propionate||
Elasticity, age resistance, transparent
Fire retardation, thermal performance
High solubility, water retention, excellent film formation propertoes
Tear resistance, high flammability, high solubility
Transparent, lower migration, high stiffness
|CSM||chopped strand mat (or) chlorosulphonated polyethylene (rubber)||
Non-flammability, high UV resistance, resistance to oxidation, hydrocarbons and other chemicals
|DMC||dough molding compound||–|
|ECTFE||ethylene chlorotrifluoroethylene copolymer||
Fire retardance, tensile strength, wear resistance
|EPDM||ethylene-propylene-diene monomer (elastomer)||
Good weathering, water, and UV resisatnce
Weathering resistance, dielectric strength
Tear and abrasion resistance, steam resistance, resistance to compression set, dilute acids, ketones, and alkalis
High compressive strength, high dimensional stability, fireproof
Good chemical resistance, high friction coefficient, UV resistance
|EVOH||ethylene vinyl alcohol||
Excellent transparency, aesthetic, Barrier resistance to most gases
Weatherability, high-frequency electrical properties, high impact strength
|FRP||fiber reinforced polyester/plastics||
Lightweight, durability, corrosion-resistant
|GMT||glass mat thermoplastic||
High strength, impact resistance, stiffness
Transparent, rigid, dimensionally stable
High tensile strength, lightweight, inert
Durability, stiffness, chemical resistance
|HEMA||hydroxyethyl methacrylate polymer||
Transparent, good mechanical properties
|HIPS||high impact polystyrene||
impact resistance, easy machinability, flexibility
|LCP||liquid crystal polymer||
Excellent strength, resistance to chemicals, weathering, burning, and radiation
High temprature resistance, moisture resistance, flexibility
|LLDPE||linear low-density polyethylene||
Puncture resistance, stress cracking resistance, flexibility
Transparent, chemical resistance, high impact strength
|MDPE||medium density polyethylene||
Shick resistance, stress cracking resistance
High strength, glossiness, moisture resistance
|NBR||nitrile rubber/acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber||
Good compression set resistance, petroleum resistance
Tesnile strenght, resiliance, war ressiatnce
Low-temperature impact resistance, oil & grease resistance
Dimensional stability, flame and heat resistance, chemical resistance
high crystallinity, good surface finish
Chemical & radiation inertness, excellent dielectric properties
Sunlight resistance, moth attack resistance
Exceptional durability, flexibility
Heat resistance, chemical resistance, flexural and dielectric strengths
Virtually unbreakable, high impact strength, and life expectancy
Lightweight, flexibility, rigidness
|PEBA||polyether block amide||
Durability, kink resistance
Excellent corrosion resistance, ductility, compressive strength
Outstanding thermal properties, material stability
Excellent thermal endurance, low coefficient of friction, windability
Chemical resistance, abrasion resistance, self-lubrication
Good hydrolytic and sterilization resistance, optical clarity
Gas and moisture barrier propertoes, high strength, electrical insulating
Lightweight, moisture barrier properties, electrical insulating properties
Thermal insulation, good durability
|PFA||perfluoro alkoxyl alkane||
Superior creep resistance, low coefficient of friction, excellent flexibility
Complete biodegradability and toxicity
Inherent fire-retardance, good arc resistance, radiation resistance
|PIR||polyisocyanurate rigid (foam)||
High rigidity, low water resistance, lightweight
Transparent, dimensional stability, rigidity
Transparent, sterilization friendly
Abrasion resistance, creep resistance, thermal stability
Good chemical resistance, low coefficient of friction, flexural strength
Excellent dimensional stability, low water absorption
Chemical resistance, low moisture absorption
Good flowability, high-temperature resistance, chemical resistance
|PPSS||polyphenylene sulphide sulphone||
Great resistance for flame, solvents, chemicals
Lightweight, dimensions stability, shock absorption
Impact resistance, ductility, toughness
Duabiiy, non-flammable, inertness
|PTMT||polytetramethylene terephthalate = PBT||
High strength, lower coefficient of friction
Oil resistance, superior load-bearing, radiation resistance
Strong bonding ability, flexibility
|PVB||polyvinyl butytral (butyrate)||
Toughness, flexibility, optical clarity
Lightweight, weldability, good mechanical strength
|PVCC||chlorinated polyvinyl chloride||
Superior mechanical strength, corrosion resistance, optimum flow rates
High tensile strength, radiation resistance, abrasion resistance
Excellent sunlight resistance, chemical inertness
Flexibility, high tensile strength oil, and grease resistance
Dimshioal stability, thermal stability, chemical resistance
Water resistance, crack and abrasion resistance, good compression set
|SBS||styrene-butadiene-styrene (block copolymer)||
High flexibility, good bonding and wearing abilities
Ductility at low temperatures, hardness, melt strength
High strength and viscosity
High heat deflection temprature, transparent
|SMC||sheet molding compound||–|
High impact performance, recyclability
Chemical resistance, good weldability
|TPO||thermoplastic olefin (rubber)||
Chemical resistance, good melting a
High elasticity, superior tear strength, durability
|TPUR||thermoplastic polyurethane (rubber)||–|
|TPX*||polymethyl pentene copolymer||
High-frequency electrical properties, transparent
Excellent thermal properties, low cure temperatures
|UHMW||ultra-high molecular weight Polyethylene||
Resistance to water, moisture, and most chemicals, resistance to UV radiation, and micro-organisms
|VC||vinyl chloride = VCM||
Lightweight, high mechanical strength, toughness
|VCM||vinyl chloride monomer = VC||
Durability, nonflammable, lightweight
High tensile strength, elongation, impact resistance
Besides abbreviations, I have also tried my best to list some beneficial features of each plastic material to make it easy for you to choose the right one for your production needs. However, it is advisable to have a detailed discussion with the material supplier about the properties and applications.
That will improve the chances of not having any unwanted trouble during ongoing production.
1. Which is the toughest plastic in the world?
Ans. Polycarbonate is the tightest plastic in the world. It is virtually unbreakable. It is considered 200 times stranger than glass.
2. How to identify plastic?
Ans. One of the easiest ways to identify any plastic material is by burning it. Take a piece of plastic and ignite it on a fume board. The scent, colour of flame, and characteristic of burning can give an idea for identifying the plastic. For Ex. Polyethylene smells like candlewax and drips.
3. What are the main types of plastics?
Ans. There are two main types of plastic materials – Thermoplastics and thermosets.
4. What are the cheapest plastics?
Ans. The cheapest plastics are styrene or PETG.
5. What are the main properties of plastic?
Ans. All plastics have a set of physical, mechanical, thermal, chemical properties. However, for a manufacturer, most properties should be low cost, easy to manufacture, electrically and thermally insulative, strong for their weight, and resistant to chemicals, corrosion, water, moisture, and solvents.
Suggested Read –
- Plastic Thermoforming Mold: Information about Male Vs. Female Molds
- How to Cut Polycarbonate | A Complete Analysis
- What is PEEK Material? | A Simple and Detailed Guide
- What are the Top 5 High Tensile Strength Plastics?
- Plastics Vs. Polymers | What are the Differences?
- What is Condensation Polymerization? | The Definitive Guide
- Antistatic vs. Static Dissipative Plastics | Which One to Choose?
That was all I had to say about plastic abbreviations. I have written the abbreviations and acronyms for all the major plastic materials so any of you don’t have to waste your time and refer to something else. With that said, Keep reading and kindly share your thought on the post in the comment box.
Have a wonderful day.