Polystyrene Repeat Unit and Properties
|Names and identification of Polymer|
Polystyrene, Polyethenylbenzene, Styrofoam®, Styron®, Fome-Cor®, Luran®, Lustrex®
|Identification of Monomers|
|Thermophysical Properties: Experimental Data|
|Density ρ||g mL-1||1.05|
|Molar Volume Vm||mL mol-1||99.2|
|Glass Transition Temperature Tg||K||375|
|Solubility Parameter δ||MPa1/2||18.3|
|Molar Cohesive Energy Ecoh||J mol-1||33300|
|Entanglement Molecular Weight Me||g mol-1||16500|
|Molar Heat Capacity Cp||J (mol K)-1||126|
|Index of Refraction n||–||1.6|
|Thermo-Physical Properties: Calculated Data|
|Density ρ||g mL-1||1.05|
|Molar Volume Vm||mL mol-1||98.8|
|Solubility Parameter δ||MPa1/2||19|
|Molecular Weight of Repeat unit||g mol-1||104.1|
|Glass Transition Temperature Tg||K||379|
|Molar Cohesive Energy Ecoh||J mol-1||35800|
|Molar Heat Capacity Cp||J (mol K)-1||129|
|Entanglement Molecular Weight Me||g mol-1||15500|
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Polystyrene Characteristics and Properties
- Polystyrene is transparent, thanks to its lack of crystallinity.
- Low impact strength and medium to high tensile strength.
- Firmness in the polymer’s backbone leads to meager impact strength.
- Polystyrene boasts good chemical resistance against diluted acids and bases. It is also an outstanding electrical insulator.
- Weak resistance to oxygen, UV, and hydrocarbon solvents.
- The low glass transition temperature is responsible for the low maximum temperature limit for prolonged use – (Tg = 373 K (100°C))
Polystyrene, in all its forms, would be plastic or foam, is useful in several applications across many industries. The high repeating unit of polystyrene is one o the main reason for its high number of applications. Let’s have a look at them.
Instrument panels, knobs, trims, energy absorbing door panels, sound dampening foams, sound protecting gears, etc.
televisions, computers, routers, printers, set-up boxes, etc.
Coolers, air-conditioners, blenders, ovens, vacuum cleaners, etc.
Building walls & roofings, refrigerators, freezers, cold storage facilities, etc
Petri dishes, test tubes, diagnostic components, culture trays, etc.
Containers, poultry trays, egg cartons, meat packaging, and foam packaging for CDs, and DVDs
Below are the frequently asked questions for repeating unit of polystyrene. Let’s dive deep and know more.
1. What is the repeat unit molecular weight for polystyrene?
Ans. 104.1 g/mol
2. What is the difference between polystyrene and expanded polystyrene?
Ans. They both have different manufacturing processes. Polystyrene is manufactured through an extrusion process. The process includes melting together the plastic resin and other ingredients. The formed liquid is then continuously extruded through a die and expands during a cooling process. That produces closed-cell rigid insulation.
Talking about expanded polystyrene is manufactured by a mold to keep small foam beads. Then heat and stem will be applied to the mold, which will cause the small beads to expand and join together.
3. What are the disadvantages of Polystyrene?
- The material is recyclable but very expensive
- Harmful to environment
- Susceptible to UV degradation.
- Weak chemical resistance to organics.
- High flammability.
4. What are the different types of polystyrene?
Ans. The three different types of polystyrene include polystyrene foam, polystyrene plastic, and polystyrene film. Amongst the foam, there are two types – expanded polystyrene (EPS) and extruded polystyrene (XPS).
5. Is polystyrene the same as Styrofoam?
Ans. The term Styrofoam is often used to refer to expanded polystyrene. However, it is the trademarked name for closed-cell extruded polystyrene foam made from thermal insulation.
That was all I had to say about polystyrene repeating unit and properties. Polystyrene’s advantages far outweigh the limitations and thus make it a go-to plastic and foam material for manufacturers.
Kindly comment on your questions and reviews in the comment box.
Have an outstanding day.
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Is polystyrene really capable of high-end engineering applications?