PVC Melting Point, Properties, and More

PVC Melting Point, Properties, Applications, Advantages & Disadvantages:

Material PVC, Rigid
Chemical Name
Polyvinyl Chloride, Rigid
Structure Amorphous
Strength Tough
Clear to Opaque
Shrinkage 0.4% to 1.0%
Specific Gravity 1.45
Melting point 85°C (185° F)
Service Temperature 60°C (60° F)
Deflection Temperature
66-88°C (150.8° F – 192.2° F )
There are a wide array of Applications for Rigid PVC. Here are Some:
  •  Building & Construction
  • Piping
  •  Windows
  •  Bottles
  •  Medical Devices
  •  Blood Storage Bags
  •  Stationary
  •  Automotive interiors and Seat coverings
  • Cable and Wire insulation
  • Sprinkler systems
  • Exterior siding
  • Non-food packaging.
PVC is a tough and rigid plastic material that can be worked under ambient conditions. It is best suited to injection molding and can work well with additives such as stabilizers, processing aids, pigments, lubricants, impact modifiers, and fillers. Some of the other major advantages include the following:
  •  Good mechanical strength
  •  Flame retardant
  • High clarity
  • Excellent outdoor weathering characteristics
  •  Good weldability.
It is important to process the material at the correct mold temperature to avoid producing hydrochloric acid and decomposition. Some other limitations associated with PVC are:
  •  Sensitive to UV degradation
  •  Sensitive to oxidative degradation
  •  Meager thermal conductivity
  •  It can be not easy to process because of its higher molecular weight.

Compared to other thermoplastics like polyethylene and polypropylene, PVC plastic exhibits a comparatively lower melting point. Its melting point typically ranges from 82°C to 260°C (180°F to 500°F) and may vary based on the specific grade and formulation used.

Additionally, factors such as molecular weight, degree of polymerization, and the presence of additives can also have an impact on the melting point of PVC.

PVC melting point is a crucial factor in determining its suitability for various applications. For example, PVC pipes used in plumbing systems are required to withstand high temperatures and pressure, which require a higher melting point. On the other hand, PVC used in flexible products like vinyl flooring and shower curtains have a lower melting point due to its lower exposure to high temperatures.

Factors Affecting PVC Melt Temp

Several factors can affect the melting point of PVC, including:

Chemical Composition 

The melting point of PVC is significantly influenced by its chemical composition. The type and quantity of plasticizers, stabilizers, and fillers incorporated in the PVC formulation can affect its melting point.

The addition of plasticizers is intended to enhance flexibility and reduce the polymer’s melting point. Meanwhile, stabilizers are utilized to prevent PVC from breaking down at elevated temperatures, and these additives can increase its already melting point.

Additionally, fillers like calcium carbonate can affect the melting point of PVC by enhancing the material’s heat capacity and thermal conductivity.

Molecular Weight

The melting point of PVC can also be affected by its molecular weight or degree of polymerization. Generally, PVC with higher molecular weight exhibits a higher melting point compared to those with lower molecular weight. The reason for this is that higher molecular weight PVC has a more significant and stronger intermolecular interaction, which necessitates more energy to overcome during the melting process.

Processing Conditions 

The melting point of PVC can be influenced by the processing conditions employed during its manufacture. Factors such as the heating rate applied pressure, and cooling rate can all have an impact on the melting point. Rapid heating, for instance, can cause thermal degradation, leading to a lower melting point.

Additionally, the pressure applied during processing can affect the crystallinity and degree of orientation of the PVC, which, in turn, can influence its melting point.

Finally, the cooling rate can affect the PVC’s melting point by producing a more disordered molecular structure, resulting in a lower melting point for faster cooling rates.

PVC Density

The density of PVC has a minimal effect on its melting point. However, there is a correlation between the density of PVC and its melting behavior. Higher-density PVC typically has a more extended melting process due to the presence of more extensive intermolecular forces. On the other hand, PVC with lower density typically experiences a shorter melting process due to its weaker intermolecular forces.

Nonetheless, the difference in melting behavior between different densities of PVC is usually negligible, and it is not a significant factor in selecting the appropriate PVC formulation for a given application.


Below are the frequently asked questions on the melting point of PVC. Let’s dig deep to know more.

What and how is PVC material made?

PVC is made by suspension, bulk, solution, and emulsion polymerization of vinyl chloride monomer utilizing free radical initiators. The most common way of extracting or obtaining a vinyl monomer is by reacting ethylene with oxygen and hydrogen chloride over a copper catalyst.

Is PVC a waterproof material?

The waterproofing ability of PVC highly depends on the formula. PVC coating on other materials is waterproof, resistant to dirt, chemicals, salt, mildew, oil, and UV rays, and provides additional strength and durability.

Which one is better? Polyester or PVC

Both materials have their pros and cons. PVC is fire and water-resistant and very temperature-stable; conversely, polyester is highly flammable but resistant to many atrocities like chemicals, water, wrinkles, and stretching.

PVC is used for clothing, roofing membranes, upholstery, flexible hoses, pipes, ceiling tiles, and insulation for electrical cables. Talking bout Polyester, its best applications are synthetic fiber, plastic bottles, power belting, floppy disk liners, sails, high-strength thread/ropes, etc.

Is PVC biodegradable?

The original PVC plastic is not biodegradable, but many manufacturers can provide additional solutions with materials that make PVC biodegrade faster in landfills without affecting its inherent properties.

What is the repeat unit of PVC?

The basic repeat unit of the PVC is [-CH2-CHCI-].

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The Summary

To summarize, the melting point of PVC is a significant consideration when working with the material. It can be influenced by factors such as molecular weight, plasticizer content, and thermal history. It’s important to understand the melting point and its factors to determine the appropriate processing temperature and maintain the material’s quality and durability. Although PVC has a lower melting point than other plastics, it’s still a popular and affordable material due to its versatility.

Thanks for reading, Have a wonderful day ahead.

4 thoughts on “PVC Melting Point, Properties, and More”

  1. It’s interesting to know that PVC is actually a tough and rigid plastic material that can be worked under ambient conditions. I saw some workers constructing a bar nearby and it seems they are using PVC on some parts of the bar. From what I gathered, plastics like PVC could be fashioned into things like fake metal beams, which makes it quite a flexible material to use.

    • Also, PVC is being used for making clothes. In the near future PVC wouldn’t be known for just making pipes.


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